Celebration of Independence Days around the world

A National Day is a date for a country to celebrate its nationhood. Common reasons for a certain day are the date on which a state or country achieved its independence, or the date of the country’s patron saint day. Most of the National Days are fixed, exceptions to this are shown below.

1-Jan <-> Sudan <-> Independence Day. Independence from Egypt and Britain in 1956

1-Jan <-> Cuba <-> Liberation Day. Marks the 1959 Revolution led by Fidel Castro

1-Jan <-> Haiti <-> Independence Day. Marks independence from France in 1804

26-Jan <-> Australia <-> Australia Day. Date of the founding of Sydney, the first European settlement in Australia, 1788

31-Jan <-> Nauru <-> Independence Day. Independence from the Australia, NZ, and UK administered UN trusteeship in 1968

4-Feb <-> Sri Lanka <-> Independence Day. Marks independence from British rule in 1948

6-Feb <-> New Zealand <-> Waitangi Day. Signing of the Treaty of Waitangi 1840

7-Feb <-> Grenada <-> Independence Day. Independence from the United Kingdom on 7 February 1974

11-Feb <-> Vatican City <-> Lateran Treaty Day. Marks an agreement with the Kingdom of Italy in 1929

11-Feb <-> Iran <-> Revolution Day. Marks overthrow of the Shah and Ayatollah Khomeini taking power in 1979

11-Feb <-> Japan <-> National Foundation Day. Marks the day on which according to legend Emperor Jimmu founded Japan in 660BC

15-Feb <-> Serbia <-> Statehood Day of the Republic of Serbia. The beginning of the Serbian revolution against Ottoman rule in 1804

16-Feb <-> Lithuania <-> Lithuanian State Reestablishment Day. Independence after German occupation in World War I

17-Feb <-> Libya <-> Revolution Day. The revolution against El-Gazafi

18-Feb <-> Gambia <-> Independence Day. Independence Day, from the United Kingdom in 1965

23-Feb <-> Guyana <-> Republic Day. Also known as Mashramani, republic 1970

23-Feb <-> Brunei <-> National Day. Brunei gained its independence from the United Kingdom on 1 January 1984

24-Feb <-> Estonia <-> Independence Day. Memorial day of the 1848 Revolution against the Austrian empire

25-Feb <-> Kuwait <-> National Day. marks the creation of Kuwait as a nation in 1961

27-Feb <-> Dominican Republic <-> Independence Day. Independence from Haiti in 1844

1-Mar <-> Wales, United Kingdom <-> St. David’s Day. St. David is the patron saint of Wales

3-Mar <-> Bulgaria <-> Liberation Day. Marks the Treaty of San Stefano signed on 3 Mar 1878

6-Mar <-> Ghana <-> Independence Day. Independence from the United Kingdom 1957

12-Mar <-> Mauritius <-> Independence Day. Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968

15-Mar <-> Hungary <-> 1848 Revolution memorial day. Memorial day of the 1848 Revolution against the Austrian empire

17-Mar <-> Northern Ireland <-> St. Patrick’s Day. St Patrick is the patron saint of Northern Ireland

17-Mar <-> Ireland <-> St. Patrick’s Day. St Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland

18-Mar <-> Aruba <-> Flag day. Autonomy within the Netherlands in 1945

20-Mar <-> Tunisia <-> Independence Day. Declaration of independence from France 1956

21-Mar <-> Namibia <-> Independence Day. Independence from South African mandate in 1990

25-Mar <-> Greece <-> Independence Day. Declaration of independence from Ottoman Empire 1821

26-Mar <-> Bangladesh <-> Independence Day. Declaration of independence from Pakistan in 1971

31-Mar <-> United States Virgin Islands <-> Transfer Day. Transfer of the islands from Denmark to the United States in 1917

1-Apr <-> Cyprus <-> Cypriot National Day. Marks the start of insurgence against the British in 1955

3-Apr <-> Guinea <-> Second Republic Day. Removal of dictatorship in 1984

4-Apr <-> Senegal <-> National Day. Independence from France 1960

17-Apr <-> American Samoa <-> Flag Day. On 17 April 1900 American Samoa became a U.S. Territory

17-Apr <-> Syria <-> Evacuation Day. Commemorating the evacuation of the last French soldier and independence on April 17, 1946

18-Apr <-> Zimbabwe <-> Independence Day. Recognition of independence from the United Kingdom in 1980

19-Apr <-> Israel <-> Yom Ha’atzmaut. Proclamation of independence from the British Mandate of Palestine 1948

23-Apr <-> England <-> St George’s Day. St George is the patron saint of England, not a bank holiday

27-Apr <-> Sierra Leone <-> Independence Day. Marks independence from the UK on 27 April 1961

27-Apr <-> South Africa <-> Freedom Day. South Africa’s first democratic general election in 1994

27-Apr <-> Netherlands <-> Kings Birthday. Marks the birthday of King Willem Alexander.

27-Apr <-> Togo <-> Independence Day. Independence from the French-administered UN trusteeship in 1960

28-Apr <-> Sardinia, Italy <-> Sardinia’s Day. Sa die de sa Sardinia (Sardinia’s Day) celebrating the uprising of 28 April 1794

1-May <-> Marshall Islands <-> Constitution Day. Celebrates self governance and adoption of the constitution in 1979

3-May <-> Poland <-> Constitution Day. Swieto Konstytucji 3 Maja, Constitution Day, 1791

15-May <-> Paraguay <-> Independence Day. Two day holiday. Día de Independencia. declaration of independence from Spain in 1811

17-May <-> Norway <-> Constitution Day. The signing of the first Norwegian Constitution in Eidsvoll 1814

20-May <-> Cameroon <-> National Day. Creation of a unitary state in 1972

20-May <-> East Timor <-> Proclamation of Independence day. Independence from Indonesia in 2002

22-May <-> Yemen <-> National Day. North and South Yemen are unified as the Republic of Yemen 1990

24-May <-> Bermuda <-> Bermuda Day. May 24. Originally Queen Victoria’s birthday. Now celebrates the islands’ heritage

24-May <-> Eritrea <-> Independence Day. Eritrean rebels enter the capital Asmara in 1991 leading to independence from Ethiopia

25-May <-> Jordan <-> Independence Day. Independence Day, from the United Kingdom 1946

26-May <-> Georgia <-> Day of First Republic. Independence from Russia in 1918

28-May <-> Ethiopia <-> Downfall of the Derg Day. The Derg regime is defeated in 1991

28-May <-> Azerbaijan <-> Republic Day. Independence from the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic in 1918

28-May <-> Armenia <-> Republic Day. Independence from the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic in 1918

28-May <-> Nepal <-> Republic Day. Nepal became a federal republic in 2008

1-Jun <-> Samoa <-> Independence Day. On 1 January 1962 Western Samoa became independent of New Zealand

2-Jun <-> Italy <-> Republic Day. Festa della Repubblica. Italy is voted a republic in 1946

5-Jun <-> Denmark <-> Constitution Day. Grundlovsdag

6-Jun <-> Sweden <-> National Day. Commemorates the election of King Gustav Vasa in 1523, seen as the foundation of Sweden

10-Jun <-> Portugal <-> Portugal Day. Commemorates the death of Luís de Camões on June 10, 1580

12-Jun <-> Russia <-> Russia Day. Declaration of sovereignty in 1990, (law priority over Soviet Union laws)

12-Jun <-> Philippines <-> Independence Day. Araw ng Kalayaan. Philippine Declaration of Independence from Spain in 1898

14-Jun <-> Falkland Islands <-> Liberation Day. The end of the Falklands War 1982

17-Jun <-> Iceland <-> National Day. Founding of republic and dissolution of personal union with Denmark 1944

21-Jun <-> Greenland <-> Ullortuneq. Longest Day of the Year. The National Day was introduced in 1983 as part of Home Rule

23-Jun <-> Luxembourg <-> Luxembourg National Day. The official birthday of the Grand Duke

25-Jun <-> Croatia <-> Statehood Day. Marks the declaration of independence from Yugoslavia in 1991

25-Jun <-> Mozambique <-> Independence Day. Independence from Portugal 1975

25-Jun <-> Slovenia <-> Statehood Day. Commemorates independence from Yugoslavia in 1991

26-Jun <-> Madagascar <-> Independence Day. Independence from France 1960

27-Jun <-> Djibouti <-> National Day. Independence from France 1977

29-Jun <-> Seychelles <-> National Day. On 29 June 1976, the Seychelles became a republic within the Commonwealth

30-Jun <-> Democratic Republic of Congo <-> Independence Day. Independence from Belgium in 1960

1-Jul <-> Canada <-> Canada Day. Marks the union of the British North America provinces under the name of Canada in 1867

1-Jul <-> Burundi <-> Independence Day. Independence from Belgium in 1962

1-Jul <-> Somalia <-> Independence Day. Foundation of the Republic, from Italy and the formation of Somali Republic in 1960

1-Jul <-> Hong Kong <-> HKSAR Day. Transfer of sovereignty to the PRC 1997

1-Jul <-> Madeira <-> Madeira Day. Marks autonomy from Portugal in 1976

1-Jul <-> Rwanda <-> Independence Day. Independence from Belgium in 1962

3-Jul <-> Belarus <-> Independence Day. Marks the liberation of Minsk in 1944

4-Jul <-> United States <-> Independence Day. Marks the signing of the Declaration of Independence in 1776

4-Jul <-> Cayman Islands <-> Constitution Day. 1st Monday in July

5-Jul <-> Cape Verde <-> Independence Day. Marks independence from Portugal on 5 July 1975

5-Jul <-> Venezuela <-> Independence Day. Signing of the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence in 1811

5-Jul <-> Isle of Man <-> Tynwald Day. Tynwald (parliament) annual meeting. July 5 or next weekday.

6-Jul <-> Malawi <-> Independence Day. Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964

6-Jul <-> Comoros <-> National Day. Independence from France 1975

7-Jul <-> Solomon Islands <-> Independence Day. Independence from the UK in 1978

9-Jul <-> South Sudan <-> Independence Day. South Sudan gained independence from Sudan in July 2011

9-Jul <-> Argentina <-> Independence Day. The declaration of Independence from Spain in 1816

9-Jul <-> Palau <-> Constitution Day. Became the world’s first nuclear-free constitution 1981

10-Jul <-> Bahamas <-> Independence Day. Independence from the United Kingdom in 1973

11-Jul <-> Mongolia <-> Naadam Holiday. Declaration of independence from China 1921

12-Jul <-> São Tomé and Príncipe <-> Independence Day. Independence from Portugal 1975

12-Jul <-> Kiribati <-> Independence Day. Independence from the United Kingdom in 1979

13-Jul <-> Montenegro <-> Statehood Day. Recognised as independent at the Congress of Berlin 1878

14-Jul <-> French Guiana <-> Bastille Day. Fête de la Fédération. Bastille Day, 14 July 1789

14-Jul <-> France <-> Bastille Day. Fête de la Fédération. Bastille Day, 14 July 1789

20-Jul <-> Colombia <-> Independence Day. Declaration of independence from Spain 1810

21-Jul <-> Guam <-> Liberation Day. Americans landing on Guam 1944, the beginning of the Battle of Guam

21-Jul <-> Belgium <-> Independence Day. Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld takes the oath as first king of the Belgians in 1831

23-Jul <-> Egypt <-> Revolution Day. The revolution of 1952

25-Jul <-> Puerto Rico <-> Constitution Day. Establishment of Commonwealth of Puerto Rico 1952

26-Jul <-> Liberia <-> Independence Day. Proclamation of the Republic: independence from the United States 1847

28-Jul <-> Peru <-> Independence Day. Declaration of independence from Spain in 1821

29-Jul <-> Faroe Islands <-> Saint Olavs day. Ólavsøka. Saint Olaf’s death at the Battle of Stiklestad in 1030

30-Jul <-> Vanuatu <-> Independence Day. Independence from the United Kingdom and France in 1980

1-Aug <-> Switzerland <-> National Day. Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire 1291, between Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden

1-Aug <-> Benin <-> Independence Day. Independence from France in 1960

4-Aug <-> Cook Islands <-> Constitution Day. Self-government in free association with New Zealand in 1965

5-Aug <-> Burkina Faso <-> Independence Day. Change of name from Upper Volta in 1984

6-Aug <-> Bolivia <-> National Day. Proclamation of Republic (independent from Spain) in 1825

6-Aug <-> Jamaica <-> Independence Day. The Colony of Jamaica’s independence from the UK on 6 August 1962

7-Aug <-> Ivory Coast <-> Independence Day. Independence from France in 1960

9-Aug <-> Singapore <-> National Day. Singapore became independent from the Federation of Malaysia on 9 Aug 1965

10-Aug <-> Ecuador <-> National Day. Proclamation of independence from Spain in 1809

11-Aug <-> Chad <-> Independence Day. Independence from France in 1960

14-Aug <-> Pakistan <-> Independence Day. Marks Pakistan’s independence from British rule in 1947

15-Aug <-> India <-> Independence Day. On August 15, 1947, India became a dominion within the British Commonwealth

15-Aug <-> South Korea <-> Liberation Day. Gwangbokjeol. Liberation from Japanese rule in 1945

15-Aug <-> Republic of the Congo <-> National Day. Marks Independence from France in 1960

15-Aug <-> Liechtenstein <-> Liechtenstein State Celebration. The Hereditary Prince becomes Regent 2004

17-Aug <-> Indonesia <-> Proclamation of Independence day. Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan R.I. Independence from Japan in 1945

17-Aug <-> Gabon <-> National Day. Independence from France in 1960

19-Aug <-> Afghanistan <-> Independence Day. Independence from United Kingdom control over Afghan foreign affairs in 1919

24-Aug <-> Ukraine <-> Independence Day. Independence from the Soviet Union 1991

25-Aug <-> Uruguay <-> Independence Day. Día de la Independencia. Declaration of independence from Brazil 1825

27-Aug <-> Moldova <-> Independence Day. Declaration of independence from the Soviet Union 1991

30-Aug <-> Turks and Caicos Islands <-> Constitution Day. The islands adopted a constitution on August 30, 1976

31-Aug <-> Trinidad and Tobago <-> Independence Day. Marks independence from the UK in 1962

31-Aug <-> Kyrgyzstan <-> Independence Day. On 31 August 1991, the Kyrgyz parliament declared independence from the Soviet Union

31-Aug <-> Malaysia <-> Merdeka Day. Hari Merdeka. Independence (within the Commonwealth) from the United Kingdom in 1957

1-Sep <-> Slovakia <-> Day of the Constitution of the Slovak Republic. The constitution was proclaimed on 1 September 1992

1-Sep <-> Uzbekistan <-> Independence Day. Became the independent Republic of Uzbekistan on 31 August 1991

2-Sep <-> Vietnam <-> National Day. Declaration of independence from France and China in 1945

3-Sep <-> San Marino <-> Republic Day. Independence from the Roman Empire in year 301 (traditional date)

6-Sep <-> Swaziland <-> Independence Day. Independence from United Kingdom in 1968

7-Sep <-> Brazil <-> Dia da Independência. Declared Independence from Portugal on this date in 1822

8-Sep <-> Andorra <-> Our Lady of Meritxell Day. Patron saint of Andorra

8-Sep <-> Macedonia <-> Independence Day. Den na nezavisnosta. Declaration of independence from Yugoslavia 1991

9-Sep <-> North Korea <-> National Day. Declaration of a democratic people’s republic in 1948

9-Sep <-> Tajikistan <-> Independence Day. Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991

10-Sep <-> Belize <-> St. George’s Caye Day. Independence from Spain in 1798. Also celebrated as Battle of St. George’s Caye Day

10-Sep <-> Gibraltar <-> Gibraltar National Day. Gibraltar voted to reject Spanish sovereignty or association 1967

15-Sep <-> Honduras <-> Independence Day. Commemorates independence of the Central American provinces from Spanish rule in 1821

15-Sep <-> El Salvador <-> Independence Day. Commemorates independence of the Central American provinces from Spanish rule in 1821

15-Sep <-> Nicaragua <-> Independence Day. Independence from Spain in 1821

15-Sep <-> Guatemala <-> Independence Day. Commemorates independence of the entire Central America from Spanish rule in 1821

15-Sep <-> Costa Rica <-> Independence Day. Commemorates independence of the entire Central America from Spanish rule in 1821

16-Sep <-> Papua New Guinea <-> Independence Day. Independence from Australia in 1975

16-Sep <-> Mexico <-> Independence Day. Grito de Dolores, declaration of independence from Spain in 1810

18-Sep <-> Chile <-> Independence Day. The first Government Junta is created 1810

19-Sep <-> Saint Kitts and Nevis <-> Independence Day. Independence from the United Kingdom 1983

21-Sep <-> Malta <-> Independence Day. Malta gained its Independence from Britain on this day in 1964

22-Sep <-> Mali <-> Independence Day. Independence from the Mali Federation in 1960

23-Sep <-> Saudi Arabia <-> National Day. Unification of the kingdoms Nejd and Hejaz in 1932

24-Sep <-> Guinea-Bissau <-> National Day. Declaration of independence from Portugal in 1973

30-Sep <-> Botswana <-> Botswana Day. Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966

1-Oct <-> Tuvalu <-> Independence Day. Independence from the Gilbert Islands (Kiribati) in 1975

1-Oct <-> China <-> National Day of the PRC. Proclamation of People’s Republic of China 1949

1-Oct <-> Nigeria <-> Independence Day. Independence from the United Kingdom in 1960

3-Oct <-> Germany <-> German Unity Day. Unification of West Germany and East Germany in 1990

3-Oct <-> Iraq <-> National Day. Independence from the United Kingdom in 1932

4-Oct <-> Lesotho <-> Independence Day. Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966

9-Oct <-> Uganda <-> Independence Day. Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962

10-Oct <-> Fiji <-> Fiji Day. Independence from the United Kingdom in 1970

10-Oct <-> Taiwan <-> Double Tenth Day. Commemorating the 1911 Wuchang Uprising that led to the founding of the Republic of China

12-Oct <-> Equatorial Guinea <-> Independence Day. Independence from Spain in 1968

12-Oct <-> Spain <-> Fiesta Nacional de España. Columbus discovery of America in 1492

19-Oct <-> Niue <-> Constitution Day. Self-government in free association with New Zealand in 1974

24-Oct <-> Zambia <-> Independence Day. Declaration of independence from the United Kingdom in 1964

26-Oct <-> Austria <-> National Day. Commemorates the Declaration of Neutrality.

27-Oct <-> Turkmenistan <-> Independence Day. Declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991

27-Oct <-> St. Vincent & the Grenadines <-> Independence Day. Independence from the United Kingdom in 1979

28-Oct <-> Czech Republic <-> Independent Czechoslovak State Day. Independence from Austria-Hungary in 1918

29-Oct <-> Turkey <-> Republic Day. Cumhuriyet Bayrami. Republican constitution in 1923

1-Nov <-> Algeria <-> Revolution Day. Marks the start of the War of Independence in 1954

1-Nov <-> Antigua and Barbuda <-> Independence Day. Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981

3-Nov <-> Dominica <-> Independence Day. Independence from the United Kingdom in 1978

3-Nov <-> Micronesia <-> FSM Independence Day. Independence from the US-administered UN Trusteeship 1979

3-Nov <-> Panama <-> Separation Day. Declaration of independence from Colombia 1903

4-Nov <-> Tonga <-> Constitution Day. In 1875, King George Tupou I consented to the constitution of the new nation of Tonga

9-Nov <-> Cambodia <-> Independence Day. Independence from France in 1953

9-Nov <-> Maldives <-> Qaumee Dhuvas. Celebrates the victory over the Portuguese occupation in 1573

11-Nov <-> Angola <-> Independence Day. Independence from Portugal in 1975

13-Nov <-> Myanmar <-> National Day. Beginning of Student led protests against the British in 1920

15-Nov <-> Northern Cyprus <-> Republic Day. Declaration of independence from the Cyprus in 1983

18-Nov <-> Oman <-> National Day. Two day holiday. Independence from Portugal in 1650.

18-Nov <-> Morocco <-> Independence Day. Independence from France in 1956

18-Nov <-> Latvia <-> Latvian National day. Declaration of independence from Russia in 1918.

19-Nov <-> Monaco <-> National Day. The investiture of Prince Albert II in 2005

22-Nov <-> Lebanon <-> Independence Day. Independence from France in 1943

25-Nov <-> Bosnia and Herzegovina <-> Bosnian Republic Day. 1st session of the Council of National Liberation in 1943

25-Nov <-> Suriname <-> Independence Day. Independence from the Netherlands in 1975

28-Nov <-> Albania <-> Independence Day. Dita e Pavarësisë. Declaration of independence from Ottoman rule in 1912

28-Nov <-> Mauritania <-> Independence Day. Independence from France in 1960

30-Nov <-> Scotland <-> St. Andrews Day. Patron saint of Scotland, now a bank holiday in Scotland

30-Nov <-> Barbados <-> Independence Day. Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966

1-Dec <-> Central African Republic <-> National Day. Proclamation of the Republic in 1958

1-Dec <-> Romania <-> Great Union Day. unification with Transylvania

2-Dec <-> Laos <-> National Day. Peoples republic declared 1975

2-Dec <-> United Arab Emirates <-> National Day. Formation of federation of seven emirates on independence from the UK in 1971

5-Dec <-> Thailand <-> HM The Kings Birthday. Dec 5 or following Mon if it falls on a weekend. Birthday of King Bhumibol Adulyade

6-Dec <-> Finland <-> Independence Day. Declaration of independence from Russia 1917

9-Dec <-> Tanzania <-> Independence Day. Independence from the UK in 1961 of Tanganyika

12-Dec <-> Kenya <-> Jamhuri Day. Marks the date of Kenya’s establishment as a republic on 12 December, 1964

13-Dec <-> Saint Lucia <-> National Day. Saint Lucia is the Patron Saint of Saint Lucia

16-Dec <-> Bahrain <-> National Day. Accession Day for the late Amir Sh. Isa Bin Salman Al Khalifa

16-Dec <-> Kazakhstan <-> Independence Day. Declared sovereign republic within the USSR in 1990

17-Dec <-> Bhutan <-> National Day. Ugyen Wangchuck elected hereditary king in 1907

18-Dec <-> Niger <-> Republic Day. Autonomous state within the French Community from 1958

18-Dec <-> Qatar <-> Qatar National Day. The assumption of power of Sheikh Jassem bin Mohamed al-Thani in 1878

20-Dec <-> Macau <-> Macau Special Administrative Region Establishment Day. Transfer of sovereignty to the PRC in 1999