All About The International Labour Organization
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour issues, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all. The organization has 187 member states. The organization has also received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1969 for improving peace among classes, pursuing decent work and justice for workers, and providing technical assistance to other developing nations.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) was created by the 1919 Peace Conference that followed World War I. Its original constitution, which formed part of the Treaty of Versailles, established it on 11 April 1919 as an autonomous organization associated with the League of Nations. The ILO is the only major organization originally part of the League of Nations system that has existed from the founding of the League in 1919 down to the present day.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is devoted to promoting social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights, pursuing its founding mission that social justice is essential to universal and lasting peace. It also registers complaints against entities that are violating international rules however, it does not impose sanctions on governments.
Mission and impact of the ILO is promoting jobs and protecting people. The ILO’s aims to ensure that it serves the needs of working women and men by bringing together governments, employers and workers to set labour standards, develop policies and devise programmes. The ILO regularly examines the application of standards in member states and points out areas where they could be better applied assistance.
The organization meets annually held in Geneva. Apart from ILO meets, the Conference is also a forum for discussion of key social and labour questions. The Governing body is the executive council of the ILO. It meets three times a year in Geneva. It takes decisions on ILO policy and establishes the programme and the budget, which it then submits to the Conference for adoption.
With over 50 years of experience in development cooperation on all continents and at all stages of development, the ILO now has over 600 programmes and projects in more than 100 countries – with the support of 120 development partners.
ILO Director-General : ILO Director-General Guy Ryder took office on 1 October 2012. The Office employs some 2,700 officials from over 150 nations at its headquarters in Geneva, and in around 40 field offices around the world. Among these officials, 900 work in technical cooperation programmes and projects.
ILO & India :
ILO’s current portfolio in India centers around child labour, preventing family indebtedness employment, skills, integrated approaches for local socio-economic development and livelihoods promotion, green jobs, value-addition into national programmes, micro and small enterprises, social security, HIV/AIDS, migration, industrial relations, dealing with the effects of globalization, productivity and competitiveness, etc.
A Decent Work Technical Support Team (DWT) for South Asia has also stationed in New Delhi, through its team of Specialists, provides technical support at policy and operational levels to member States in the sub-region.
The issues are special focus while implementing the DWT under the three priority areas are:
(1) Social dialogue and strengthening of partners
(2) Informal economy
(3) Gender equality.